1999 Lecturer | Dr. Rufus L. Chaney
About the Lecturer
Dr. Chaney received the B.S. degree in Chemistry (1964) from Heidelberg College in Ohio, and the Ph.D. degree in Biochemistry (1969) from Purdue University. He studied as an NAS-NRC Post-Doctoral Research Associate in the Mineral Nutrition Pioneering Research Laboratory during 1969-1971. During 1983, he was on sabbatical leave and conducted research with the Soil Science Department, University of Wisconsin, Madison. He is an Adjunct Professor of Agronomy with the Pennsylvania State University.
Dr. Chaney conducts research on the fate, food-chain transfer, and potential effects of soil micro-elements. His research includes studies on 1) plant uptake of metals and translocation to edible plant tissues; 2) speciation of metals in plants and bioavailability to animals; 3) development of hyperaccumulator crops to phytoextract and recycle metals in contaminated soils; 4) bioavailability of Pb and other metals in soils, biosolids, and composts directly ingested by animals; 5) development of "Tailor-Made Composts and Biosolids" to remediate Pb, Zn, Cd, Ni, and other element contaminated soils; and 6) potential methods to reduce food-chain transfer or toxicity of metals in these organic resources and potential regulatory approaches to protect food safety and soil fertility.
Dr. Chaney received awards for excellence in research from USDA (1977 and 1991), USEPA (1990), the Association of Metropolitan Sewerage Agencies (1992), and the Composting Council Research and Education Foundation (1993). Dr. Chaney was selected as the 1995 Beltsville Area Senior Research Scientist of the Year and a 1995 Agricultural Research Service Outstanding Senior Research Scientist of the Year. He was awarded the USDA Secretary's Honor Award for Environmental Protection in 1997. He is a Fellow of the American Society of Agronomy and the Soil Science Society of America.